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“ 13 emotions '' evoked by music are classified


Science

“ 13 emotions '' evoked by music are classified

By Chalabala

Some songs make you feel happy just by listening,Joe's Theme SongThere is also a song that appeals to the instinct that "the danger is imminent." America'sUniversity of California, BerkeleyAnd DutchAmsterdam UniversityThe research team used research to determine and map the emotions that each song evokes.

Ooh là là! Music evokes at least 13 emotions. Scientists have mapped them | Berkeley News
https://news.berkeley.edu/2020/01/06/music-evokes-13-emotions/

Research team onlineGig economyPlatformAmazon Mechanical TurkApproximately 2,000 U.S. and Chinese subjects gathered at the event listened to 40 songs selected in advance, and each song evoked "emotion", "positive / negative mood", "excitation", etc. We had 28 kinds of items evaluated.

The research team used statistical analysis to classify each evaluation result into 13 categories, and matched each category to 13 emotions that did not change with culture, such as “ depressive (depressed) '' “ dreamy comfort '' . In addition, the research team examined these 13 emotion categories in a follow-up test with about 1,000 subjects. The follow-up tests indicated that each emotion category was effective.

From the link below, you can see a map that visualizes the emotions evoked by music.

ocf.berkeley.edu/~acowen/music.html
https://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~acowen/music.html

The countless alphabets placed around the center of the map were evaluated by subjects who listened to each music. Each rating is categorized into 13 emotions, such as "Amusing", "Energizing, pump-up", and is assigned 13 alphabets from A to M. Similar emotions such as "Amusing (fun)" and "Joyful, cheerful (joy)" are located close on the map, and the opposite emotions such as "Amusing (fun)" and "Anxious, tense (anxiety)" Are placed far away on the map.

Hover over each letter to see a detailed breakdown of the rating at the top and the analysis results at the top right.Radar chartIt will be displayed in. In this research, "how much each emotion is evoked" is quantified for each survey result and each is placed on a map.

According to research, the American national anthem "Stars and Stripes"Evokes the feeling of" pride "Ed Sheeranof"The Shape of You"Will evoke" joy ".

Ed Sheeran-Shape of You (Official Video)-YouTube

(embed) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JGwWNGJdvx8 (/ embed)

Various songs such as classical and heavy metal were used in the experiment. One of the classic songs,Vivaldiof"Four seasonsAnd punk rock bandThe Crashof"Rock the Kasbah"Stimulates the" lively "feelings of American soul singer,Al Greenof"Let's Stay Together"Aroused" sensual "emotions.

Al Green-Let's Stay Together-YouTube

(embed) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=COiIC3A0ROM (/ embed)

The music that evokes negative emotions is a classic horror movie released in 1960 “PsychoBGM used in the shower scene.

The BGM that takes about 57 seconds from the following movie evokes "fear".

The Shower-Psycho (5/12) Movie CLIP (1960) HD-YouTube

(embed) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0WtDmbr9xyY (/ embed)

These songs have the potential to "arouse certain emotions in order for the brain to associate the" situation that heard the song "." In other words, listening to a song from a horror movie can evoke a "feeling when you see a horror movie" and remind you of certain emotions. However, the research team is trying to eliminate the factor that "the song evokes a specific memory" by examining the emotions of American subjects listening to traditional Chinese folk music.

The study involved subjects from two countries, the United States and China. The results showed that the subject's emotions in these two countries were similar for many songs. On the other hand, like Joe's BGM, it was common in that “ fear '' was stirred, but there are songs that differed in culture depending on whether the fear was “ positive '' or “ negative '' It was done.

“ Music is a universal language, but humans are not always paying attention to what music is saying, '' said Alan Cowen of the University of California, Berkeley, the lead author of this paper. "I'm trying to unravel the mystery of how many subtle emotions music causes," he commented.

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