Claim that it is actually a "reasonable choice" to run over in an emergency
by Danny Choo
With the spread of the new coronavirus around the world,Wuhannot onlyHong Kong・Singapore・ItalyIt has been reported that people around the world are rushing to supermarkets to empty their shelves. These actions arepanic buying"Has been accused, but some say that it is" actually reasonable. "
Stocking up to prepare for a crisis isn't 'panic buying'.It's actually a pretty rational choice
The buying out of the new coronavirus epidemic is occurring all over the world, and toilet paper in Hong Kong has become extremely scarce. Criminal organizations that saw thisSangokaiArmed groups report stealing large amounts of toilet papersituationI'm awake until
VIDEO: Police in Hong Kong roll out to investigate toilet paper theft pic.twitter.com/xmoo8FcFqq
— AFP news agency (@AFP) February 17, 2020
Many experts and experts have accused them of being "irrational." "Even those who are buying toilet paper know that toilet paper does not help fight coronaviruses," said Sara Houshmand, a psychologist at the College of Psychologists of Ontario in Canada. Will seem harmless at first glance, but will put the individual in a vicious cycle of stress and anxiety, resulting in detrimental health. ''comment. SingaporeanJacob IbrahimThe Minister of Information and Communications also issued a statement that “ the hoax of shortage of supplies encouraged meaningless stocking, '' and responded calmly to citizensCallis.
On the other hand, David Savage, a behavioral economist at the University of Newcastle Business School, and Benno Togler, a professor of economics at the Queensland University of Technology, pointed out the rationale for buying from a different perspective. “ Preparing for long-term isolation is not a result of irrational fears, but a manifestation of our fundamental survival mechanism, '' they said, trying to secure a stockpile of daily necessities. It is a natural response, not a panic.
In particular, new coronaviruses usually last 5-6 days, up to 14 days.Have an incubation periodSavage and his colleagues argue that buying food and supplies to reduce contact with the outside world is a logical thinking process. "Disasters involve a lot of uncertainty and people tend to be overreacting, but if you don't know how long the crisis will last, buying too many more than too few , A reasonable and natural response to ensuring family survival for future uncertainty. "
Savage also acknowledges that the buyout is triggered by emotion. On top of that,Crowd psychologyThere are some aspects to this, but these actions are like a kind of interim cooperation. "
Another study, focusing on the differences in behavior between humans and chimpanzees, suggests that "humanity may have prospered because it imitated others without thinking."
What these two people recommend in preparation for a crisis is “stocking from the usual day”. New Zealand, for example, is encouraged to actively prepare first aid kits, but in Australia, its neighbors, such practices are not very common. However, Australia has entered a recentGreat fireAnd various other disasters, and the need for individual disaster countermeasures is increasing.
Savage and Togler said, "I don't need to go shopping for a bunch of canned beans right now, but I should have a survival kit ready in case of an emergency. Supermarket shelves will not be emptied if you buy the necessary items slowly in an emergency, "he emphasized the importance of stockpiling.
In addition, information such as what should be stockpiled in preparation for a disaster can be checked from the following.
Preparing for disaster at home-just prepare! | | Prime Minister's Office Homepage