Did the creators who say "Genius" always keep great results?
Creators who are regarded as “ geniuses '', such as Edison who invented a practical incandescent light bulb and a phonograph and Shakespeare who left the tragedy “ Hamlet '', tend to think that they have great achievements that are handed down to later generations, According to a professor at the University of California, Davis, such a genius has not only been successful but has also experienced many failures.Dean Keith SimontonHe points out.
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According to Simonton, ideas that lead to innovation evolve little by little through trial and error, and there is no guarantee that a new idea will be useful. He says that creative success requires immersion in multiple projects and ideas, as well as being highly productive and producing large amounts of ideas and works.
Thomas Edison has won 1093 patents during his lifetime, but one-third of all patents filed have been rejected. During his heyday, between the ages of 35 and 39, he spent his time researching lighting and power distribution, during which he tried to invent a battery, but failed. The battery was actually invented around the middle of the twentieth century, and Edison experienced a terrible failure while researching batteries, as the windows in his lab would blow off.
Edison, who had a great setback after failing to invent the battery, turned to another idea. As a result, the incandescent lamp invented by Joseph Swan was improved using bamboo filaments, and succeeded in producing an incandescent lamp that could be used in commercial and practical applications. "Edison was always faced with temporary obstacles, but he always had other ideas and projects to work on," commented Simonton.
There are other examples of geniuses, such as Edison, who have tried and errored many times, experienced numerous failures, and achieved great achievements. Shakespeare, a famous playwright, is one of them. Shakespeare left many plays in his life, but according to a reputation survey conducted by Simonton, Shakespeare's masterpiece "Hamlet" was recorded at the same time as Hamlet, while recording 100% popularity. "Troilus and Cressida"Is 23% famous, and is also a work of the same age as Hamlet.Athens Timon", Only 3% were known. Even the great playwright Shakespeare finds that not all works have been widely transmitted to posterity.
All creators, regardless of their creativity, are under pressure to avoid working on things in exactly the same way, resulting in repeated failures. Creative work is the process of repeatedly failing until something hits, and even if it does, the best creators are said to learn from those mistakes and step down the path to success. Is.
by Steve Halama
Harry Potter, a worldwide hit with over 450 million copies in total, has been rejected by multiple publishers for its first series.・ The creator of the Potter seriesJK Rolling"Failures are inherent in life, and those who are too cautious and don't feel comfortable living have failed from the start."