Former International Space Station Commander advocates “thinking for success”?
Chris A. HadfieldHe is Canada's first astronaut and commander of the International Space Station. Mr. Hadfield wrote based on his experience in space.Astronaut teaches how to walk the earth"Contains a great deal of insight into our spiritual lives on earth, as reported by a culturally-focused blog Farnam Street.
An Astronaut's Guide to Mental Models
◆ 1: Ability Wheel
Regarding the astronaut's required abilities, Hadfield said that he could quickly make the right decisions from incomplete information, especially in critical situations. Mr. Hadfield confessed that he couldn't be such a person by going to space for only eight days, and said, “ I still understood the fact that I didn't even know that I didn't know. " Farnam Street describes this experience of Hadfield as “Ability Wheel"It is the same idea. The Ring of Ability is Nicknamed "God of Investment"Warren BuffettMr. addressed to shareholdersletterBased on the concept of "it's more important to know the" boundary "of what you know and what you don't know than how much you know."
◆ 2: Secondary thinking
"As time went on, I learned how to anticipate problems in advance so that they do not occur, and how to anticipate them effectively if problems do occur," said Had. According to Field, Farnam Street said,Secondary thinking".
Secondary thinking is the idea of thinking about what kind of effect will occur when the first supposed action is put into practice, and feeding it back to the action. More on secondary thinking below.
◆ 3: “Speed” and “Speed”
Mr. Hudfield says, “ In order to succeed, you must not consider training as a goal, but training itself as a purpose '' . Farnam Street says,Speed and speed"The difference between speed and speed is that speed needs to take into account the 'direction'. When you work, you do not only relate to the speed of your work, but also to the direction of what you want to be. The concept of "need to think" is what Mr. Hadfield asserts.
◆ 4: Stochastic thinking
In response to Hudfield's statement, “ If you don't know what to watch out for, everything scares you, '' Farnam Street will now think about things in such cases.Recommended. Occurred on September 11, 2001September 9 terrorist attacks in the United StatesSince then, the voice of "watch out for terrorism" has been shouting vigorously in the United States. However, according to statistics, about 1,000 people lose their lives due to slipping a year, and about 500 people are killed by terrorism a year. "It's clear from the odds that you'll be wary," Farnam Street claims.
◆ 5: Safety margin
Hudfield wrote that the definition of "ready to be ready" is "understand what the problem is and plan to address it." In this regard, Farnam Street states that if the actual maximum load is 600 kg, the maximum load is 400 kg.Safety margin"The importance of securing.
◆ 6: Reversal thinking
Farnam Street introduced Mr. Hadfield's remark that “ in any field, it is useful to consider criticism as 'potentially useful advice', not individual attacks, '' and encourages people to think of a reversal. You.
◆ 7: Reciprocity
“ I learned that if you arrange for someone to succeed, you not only will be happy to work with you, but you will also be more successful, '' said Hudfield. Was. Farnam Street described this comment as "Reciprocity"It was explained.
◆ 8: Scale
According to NASA's know-how, "thanks to the training provided by thousands of experts around the world and the support of thousands of engineers from five space stations," Hudfield explained. Farnam Street pointed out that there are different social laws for groups with small and large numbers of people, and it is important to develop a strategy that is appropriate for the number of people in the group.AssertionDid.
◆ 9: Diversity of ability
"The best way to contribute to others in an unfamiliar environment is not to try to prove how wonderful one is, but to refrain from asserting at first, observe and learn what seniors do, and everyone complains That's what we do, "says Hudfield, arguing that diversity in the workplace is important.
◆ 10: Ideal and reality
Mr Hudfield asserted, "If you only pursue your career, you'll drive yourself to think that you're failing most of the time." In this assertion, Farnam Street notes that there is a gap between ideals and reality.Point outAnd in those cases, he suggested that we follow reality.
In addition to the above commentary, Farnam Street picked up the following remarks by Mr. Hadfield without any special comment.
・ "Simulation is an opportunity for practice, but at the same time I often sound alarms saying" I do not know what I am doing "" I can do better "
"In NASA training, you will learn to achieve a larger mission with less effort, without thinking about your career at all."
"It is hoped that NASA will not only be more willing to deal with criticism, but will go one step further and reduce its own mistakes. It's difficult, but managers must create a culture of 'it's trivial to make mistakes' and a culture of 'don't allow sagging'. "
・ "If you think only about yourself, you will not understand the whole picture."
"Leadership is not an honorable act, but a team that remains motivated to do its best to focus on its goals."
"Astronaut teaches how to walk the earth", which includes all of Mr. Hadfield's remarks above, can be purchased from the following.