"Is the age of avoiding contact with people the best time of life for introverts?" Is divided among psychologists
In order to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus, many people are forced to live away from going out and contacting people, but some people say that “ I am introverted from the beginning, so my life is almost unchanged '' . However, among psychologists, there is controversy over whether "introverted temperament leads to strength in loneliness."
Personalities that thrive in isolation and what we can all learn from time alone
Yes, Even Introverts Can Be Lonely Right Now-The New York Times
◆ Opinion that introverts are strong against loneliness
According to Nick Haslam, a professor of psychology at the University of Melbourne, and Associate Professor Luke Smiley at the university, the nature of human "introversion / extroversion" isAppears early in life and remains stable for lifeThat. This difference mainly affects what kind of environment people prefer or how they react to it.
This is backed up in 2018Social experiments announced by Mr. Sumilyis. In this experiment, we asked introverts and extroverts to spend a week in an extroverted life. Specifically, he asked the participants in the experiment to act as "people who were as social and talkative as possible" in their daily lives. After the experiment was completed, a questionnaire was conducted to examine changes in participants' emotions.
As a result, extroverts were found to have benefits such as improved mood and "how they feel like themselves", while introverts felt the disadvantages of fatigue and irritability. I understand.
Haslam and Smiley said about the results of this experiment.Social distanceIn this era, when we have to open ourselves, our experiments are mirror images. Here, those who are extroverts are being forced to act out of their personality, and they are likely to experience reduced well-being in the coming weeks and months. On the other hand, introverts are like having been trained for life at this moment in their lives, '' he said, saying that the society that must avoid human interaction is for introverts. I showed you the point of view.
Haslam et al. Explain why introverts can cope with loneliness well: "The most obvious thing is that introverts are less motivated to engage with society. We also don't need much of it, so we may not feel the boredom that many feel as the social distances are demanded longer. ”
In particular, even introverts are said to be lonely if they have a certain degree of sociability. For example, we have summarized the characteristics of people who are suitable for closed environments from various cases such as space stations and research facilities in Antarctica.(PDF file)the studyIt has become clear that "a person who has emotional stability, independence, goal orientation, patience, and friendliness and openness" can adapt to extreme loneliness. Psychologists at the University of British Columbia who conducted this study called introverts who enjoy, but do not need, such social interaction "social introverts."
Based on the results of these experiments and studies, Haslam et al. Said, "The pandemic of the new coronavirus is called" the lonely outbreak "by some people, but this may be an exaggerated expression. The reason is that for extroverts, dark clouds hang down, but for introverts, light is shining through the clouds. "
◆ Introverting does not necessarily mean loneliness
"It's often said that extroverts get energy from others, and introverts get energy from loneliness, but I know that's a myth," he says. This is Adam Grant, an organizational psychologist.
Grant said, "I am an introvert, I prefer reading to concerts, and I rarely get picked up when an unplanned call comes in. I prefer to talk more with a small group than at a birthday or dance party. Bingo has 13 of the 16 squares filled up, and he is a hardcore "introverted person."
— Adam Grant (@AdamMGrant) May 20, 2016
As a result, Grant said he was confident in his resistance to loneliness, but he said he had experienced loneliness when his roommate returned home when he was a graduate student. From this experience, Mr. Grant began to think, "Isn't an introverted character not always strong in loneliness?"
The proof is that "extroverts and introverts have a group discussion."Experimentis. In this experiment, we asked participants to randomly assign roles and talk so that they could act as "extroverts" or "introverts." As a result, a tendency different from the experiment by Smithy et al. That "not only extroverts from the beginning but also introverts undergo positive emotional changes by" behaving as extroverts "" is reported It was said that it was done.
Grant also points to Sumily's experiment, "It is true that if an introvert acts like an extrovert for a week, the emotional merit will fade and the demerits will appear." I admit that claim. Grant said, "The desire for loneliness stems from a completely different character than introversion, or" independence, "and it's a different thing to be introverted or lonely. I showed the view.
Grant said, "Fortunately, we don't need a large number to fight loneliness. My colleague Sigal Barsade saysthe studyNow, we know that having only one friend can significantly reduce loneliness. Another expert said that a 40 second positive conversation would have a positive effect on both parties.talkis. It doesn't require a lot of effort to feel connected with people and wipe away loneliness. "