To prevent the spread of new coronavirus infection, many elementary, middle and high school universities have been closed since the declaration of an emergency. There are some local governments that are not closed, so there should be many children, students, and parents who are worried about the widening educational gap.
Currently, about 90% of schools nationwide are closed. However, according to a survey by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (April 21), only 5% of the local governments that are closed in public elementary, junior high, and high schools have interactive online classes.
What will happen to online lessons at school? I would like to explain the current state of online classes.
Online class at a public school that is stuck
I asked a private junior high school student who conducts online classes, saying, "In online classes, you can ask questions and talk to people other than your family." In this way, some private schools offer online classes, but the public schools have a very low implementation rate. Looking at the situation in Tokyo in mid-April, it is said that only Minato-ku was conducting online classes, other wards are considering or not planning.
In Minato Ward, one smartphone is distributed to each elementary and junior high school, and teachers shoot videos. It is said that the introduction of exercises that can be easily done and commentary on the problems that have been published in textbooks have been made available exclusively on YouTube. In addition, an ID for a private online learning service has been added in order to promote learning at home.
Reasons that other wards are considering or are not planning are "difference in home environment" "security problem" "preparation of terminal" "lack of know-how" etc.
Not all homes have smartphones, tablets, PCs, etc., and many homes do not have a Wi-Fi environment. In addition, there are issues such as lack of infrastructure to deliver to the school side, access to web conferencing services due to security problems, and lack of know-how for teachers.
In the future, MEXT will be willing to take online classes
Since it was a sudden suspension of school, it is not surprising that preparations were not in time. However, there are other problems besides the ones mentioned above.
According to the curriculum guidelines, the standard number of hours for which you have to study what subject and how many hours you have to study for each grade. However, under the current circumstances, it is stipulated that online lessons are not included in the standard lesson hours and it is necessary to supplement the contents in person. This too may be a cause of making the waist heavy.
However, the Minister of Education and Culture, Hagita, has stated on April 3 that he will consider accepting it in the future. Furthermore, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology is planning to create an online learning system for elementary, junior high, and high schools to use and answer questions using PCs and tablet terminals. He says that he will start empirical research this year and aims to create an environment where teachers can create problems, ask questions, and even evaluate grades in the future.
It's a pity that it's not right now, but you might expect it if something like this happens in the future.
Already implemented at the university, but there are many challenges
I heard from a school teacher that there are problems such as "I can't handle the terminal in lower grades of elementary school". Then, what about college students who use the Internet and terminals in class?
The University of TokyoMinimize face-to-face lectures and encourage and encourage onlineWas announced. At many other universities, graduation and entrance ceremonies are canceled and online classes are held, but it seems that various problems are occurring there as well.
At Ritsumeikan University, a problem occurred on April 6th, when the online class started. The lesson support portal that was supposed to be used as a place to provide online lessons and materials for lessonsmanaba + RAccess was concentrated on ", and some of the pages could not be viewed. It is easy to see that the infrastructure on the university side is not sufficient.
At Nagoya University, where the first half of the classes were basically online lessons until September,Teaching methods for teachers who are new to online classes (Tips)"publish. As an online lesson method, there are various types such as live lesson relay, learning material distribution, slide material distribution, recorded lesson distribution, etc., and tips for implementing each are explained in an easy-to-understand manner.
According to a university faculty member who has already conducted an online class, most of the students taking the course used smartphones. "Some of the new students haven't got their PCs ready yet. I've heard that the PCs ordered by the Corona turmoil haven't arrived yet, and are due to arrive in June," said one university. The teacher speaks.
Also, there are many cases where online classes use Zoom, Teams, etc., and it seems that communication volume is also a problem. It is a common method to use an optical line, but there are cases where the Wi-Fi environment is not in place, such as living alone. In that case, it is better to use mobile Wi-Fi, but there are many examples of using tethering with a large smartphone contract and using free Wi-Fi facilities.
Actually, after hearing with university students and university teachers, it seems that there are many university students living alone who do not have a Wi-Fi environment at home. "I don't have Wi-Fi and can't go to college," says some students who went home. I heard that some schools stopped online classes when the IT environment for students was not sufficient.
Students have the right to learn. Currently, children in the compulsory education stage do not have the basic right to receive compulsory education, and there are many high school and university students who are unable to attend school but are unable to study satisfactorily even though they have passed it. It is time to change, and it is time to think about what can be done to protect the learning rights of children and students.
IT journalist. Writing articles such as books, magazines, Web media, consultants for companies, lectures, seminars, etc. Learn more about web services such as SNS and information literacy education.
Former elementary school teacher.
He has published many books such as "Smartphone x Socially Turned into a Profitable Company", "Facebook x Twitter Turned into a Profitable Company" (both Nippon Jitsugyo Publishing).
His recent work is "Social Media Addiction: People Drowning in Connections" (Gentosha).