Research results that'invisible wall drawn in heart' prevents cheating during the test
If you run into a problem you don't understand when you're solving a test problem, and you're wondering about the answer from someone sitting next to you, you'll end up with "cheat." To prevent this, some test venues may have a seat between the seats. However, in a study targeting children, it was found through experiments that even if there is no physical barrier, it will be easier for a person to commit cheating by being clearly aware of the boundary with others.
Invisible Barriers Cut Down on Cheating
University of California, San Diego, University of Toronto,Hangzhou Normal UniversityConducted four experiments involving 350 Chinese children aged 5 to 6 years. The children were asked to solve a test with a puzzle-like problem of choosing answers by numbers. Another table was placed a little further away from the desk where the children were taking the test, and on top of that desk was the answer to the test the children were taking.
The questions in the provided tests were basically easy, but only the last one was set to a very high degree of difficulty. Therefore, when the children were allowed to solve the test, about 50% of the children cheated to look into the answer placed next to it.
Next, the research team also tested with a metal frame and transparent plastic as shown in the picture below. Of course, it is impossible to physically prevent cheating because the other side can be seen through the metal frame and transparent plastic. However, by placing a metal frame and transparent plastic, the incidence of fraud fell to 20% to 30%.
Furthermore, instead of putting a metal frame or transparent plastic, an adult acting as a teacher declared to the child, “I will install a magic wall here'' while shaking the magic stick of the toy before the test, actually, Found that the incidence of fraud fell despite the absence of any physical barriers.
According to Gail Hayman, a professor of psychology at the University of California, San Diego, one of the researchers,Moral barrier hypothesisIt is based on the idea called ". For example, the ropes that divide the procession at an airport are not physically distinct spaces, unlike walls, but people line up to form a line without protruding from this rope. In other words, the moral barrier hypothesis is that people are conscious of spatial boundaries and do not engage in morally unfriendly acts.
Professor Hayman says the experiments have shown that even young children have the ability to pick clues in their surroundings and take moral actions. Also, Professor Kang Lee of the Department of Psychology at the University of Toronto said, “Parents and teachers are able to apply environmental design to moral education. Fraud may also be reduced."