The world's first facility to compost human corpses is scheduled to open in 2021
A non-profit organization in Washington that aims to realize the world's first “compost”RecomposeAnd an American architectural design officeOlson Kundig ArchitectsAnnounced the opening of a completely new composting facility in 2021.
The World's First Human Composting Facility Will Open in 2021
Olson Kundig unveils Recompose facility for composting human bodies
In Japan, almost all deaths are cremation, and in addition to cremation, traditional cremation is also conducted in the United States. However, there is a problem that burial requires a large amount of land and a large amount of money, as well as a problem that cremation consumes a large amount of fuel, and pollutants contained in the body affect the environment and the human body. It has been pointed out.
by Louish Pixel
Therefore, Recompose has proposed “Compost Funeral” as a low-cost and environmentally friendly funeral method that solves the problems of burial and cremation. In May 2019, Recompose encouraged Washington to pass a bill that "allows the body to be processed through the processes of" organic reduction "and" hydrolysis ". With the enforcement in May 2020, composting was legalized in Washington.
In compost funerals, the bodies are housed in reusable modular containers, not cocoons.
The container is filled with wood chips, and the body is broken down by microorganisms over approximately 30 days and turned into compost. The body of the individual, including the teeth and bones, is all soil, but inorganic substances such as pacemakers and metal implants that cannot be decomposed by microorganisms are removed during the process. In addition, since pathogens such as harmful microorganisms are also decomposed, people who died can be composted.Ebola hemorrhagic feverPeople who have died of very infectious diseases such as those that have not been proven to be degradable by microorganismsCreutzfeldt-Jakob diseaseSuch asPrion diseaseThose who died in are said to be excluded from the target.
According to Recompose, the compost that can be obtained by composting one person is approximately 1 cubic yard (0.76 cubic meters). The idea of “making a dead body into fertilizer” has been around for some time.Tree funeralHowever, unlike tree funerals in which trees are planted near buried bodies, the bodies are made into fertilizer in compost, so they can be taken home or donated to greening organizations. The
Costs are estimated to be $ 5,500 per person (about 600,000 yen), $ 6,000 for standard tree funerals in Washington (about 650,000 yen), and $ 1000-7000 for cremation (about 11) This is less expensive than 8,000 dollars (about 870,000 yen) for burial. Also, the energy required for the entire process is one-eighth that of cremation, and unlike burial, there is no contamination of soil or groundwater by the corpse, so the burden on the environment is minimal compared to conventional funeral methods.
Recompose Seattle, the first composting facility,SODO (South of Downtown) DistrictIt will be built in the spring of 2021. The facility also accepts bodies from outside Washington State, and it is possible to accommodate bodies from outside the United States as long as they can be brought in.