Urban living increases the risk of depression and anxiety disorders, but also benefits mental health
It is widely known that urban life increases the risk of depression and anxiety disorders, and says that "urban life is full of substances that cause depression."research resultHas also been announced. On the other hand, it has been pointed out that urban life has not only harm but also benefits for mental health.
Cities increase your risk of depression, anxiety and psychosis – but bring mental health benefits too too
People living in cities such as Tokyo, Delhi, Shanghai, and London account for more than half of the world's population, and indeed 4.2 billion people live in cities. This number is increasing year by year, with some estimates that by 2050, 68% of the world's population will live in urban areas.
While many live in cities, urban living increases the risk of cardiovascular and respiratory diseasesresearch resultIt has long been known that urban living has a negative effect on physical health. People living in urban areas have a 20% higher risk of depression than those living in the suburbs or in the countryside, and 77% higher risk of developing various mental illnesses.research resultHas also been reported.
In recent years, there have been many studies that have found that there are many factors that cause various mental illnesses in cities. For example, "Children raised in places with little green are at increased risk for mental illness"The results of a 2019 study show that research has shown that" urban life is full of factors that increase the risk of depression. " Many ubiquitous factors in the city, such as high levels of noise, air pollution, social inequality and loneliness, have a negative effect on mental health.
by Kevin Case
2011the studyIn this study, we asked subjects living in various places to perform stress-inducing tasks, and measured their brain activation. As a result, all subjects are involved in expressing and motivating emotionsLimbic systemActivation plays a key role in emotional processingAmygdalaWas found to be correlated with the size of the city in which the subject lived during the experiment.
Also involved in the treatment of social stressAnterior cingulate cortexNervous activation in the periphery seemed to be correlated with the participant's "lifetime in the city during childhood."
While many studies show the negative health effects of living in cities,King's College LondonIs a mental health researcherAndrea MechelliHe points out that existing research has oversimplified the mental impact of urban living.
One of the issues raised by Mechelli is that "urban living is a complex and inconsistent phenomenon that cannot be easily defined." Cities and countrysides are not always in a constant environment, but rather change over and over as they evolve and evolve, and are by no means a fixed concept. In addition, if the people who live in urban areas have a living environment that is easily accessible to green spaces, the risk of depression will decrease.the studyThere is also.
Second, all mental health depends on both environmental and genetic factors, so it doesn't just matter whether you live in a city or in the countryside. 2011the studyAccording to the report, it has been shown that genetic factors are affecting how much the effects of urban life increase.
The third problem is that urban life has a positive effect on mental health in some cases. For many, urban living improves access to education, employment, social connections and professional care, and these opportunities can have a positive impact on mental health. As a result, it is not always possible to say that "urban life has a negative effect on mental health," Mechelli said, saying that urban life has not only negative aspects but also positive aspects.