What is the proper way for parents to help their child with homework?
Many parents have children who do not do their homework, but if the parents do their homework, it will not help the child. Australia says how parents can help with homework without sacrificing children's learning opportunitiesMonash UniversityTeaches pedagogy atMelissa BarnesWith Mr.Katrina TourHe explains.
How to help your kids with homework (without doing it for them)
"Parents are the most important teacher in a child's first encounter in life," Barnes and colleagues point out. Analysis of more than 400 survey results in 2019the studyAccording to the report, regardless of the age and socio-economic situation of the child, the benefits of parents' involvement in children's learning can improve their children's academic performance and increase their motivation to study. However, the analysis suggests that attention should be paid to "how parents participate in children's learning."
Parents can be involved in their children's learning by having them meet with their teachers, discuss the child with school, and provide opportunities and encouragement for learning. Parents helping their children with their homework is also involved in their learning, but it seems that if their parents help too much with their homework, their children's academic performance will deteriorate.
Few children like homework, but have a comprehensive homework and academic achievementanalysisSuggest that homework, especially for children aged 7 to 12, can improve academic performance. Barnes and his colleagues said that in order to help their homework without removing their responsibility for the homework, rather than aiming for the child to complete the homework, Barnes et al. "I want to give my child confidence."
Barnes et al. Advocate "four appropriate ways for parents to help their children with their homework."
◆ 1 ： Praise and encourage children
In order to motivate children for homework, it is effective for parents to praise their children first. Barnes and colleagues point out that sitting in the side of the child and asking questions and discussing the content of the homework increases the child's positiveness, even if the parent does not understand the child's homework.
◆ 2: Model learning content
Many teachers not only provide children with knowledge, but also a "model" for solving problems. If the child is stumbling on his homework, the parent presents a “ model for solving the problem (solution method), '' and actually solves only one problem with the child, and asks the child how to solve the problem according to the model. It seems that teaching is effective.
◆ 3: Create a homework plan
If your child is over-stressed with homework, forcing them to do their homework is counterproductive. Barnes and his colleagues recommend that parents instead work together to create a “plan to work on their homework” instead of forcing the child. The flow when creating a homework plan for children is as follows.
・ Read homework and understand the content of the task.
・ Split your homework into smaller tasks.
• Think about the time required to complete each task.
・ Create a schedule table by calculating backward from the deadline.
・ Keep the schedule in a place where children can see.
Check the completed tasks and encourage the child to check the progress of the homework.
◆ 4: Reserve time for homework
Having time for your child to do homework is important to creating positive learning habits. Barnes and his colleagues recommend that parents refrain from noisy entertainment, such as television and games, when they do their homework, and work with them on reading and other activities. By giving the family time to study together, children can comfortably work on their homework.