What was the Loudness War that happened in the music industry?
"Loudness" is a musical term that simply means "loudness." Since the 1980's, the trend of "loudness" has spread in the music world along with technological advances in music equipment, and a number of songs with excessively high loudness have appeared. The controversy over "appropriate loudness" was recorded as a "loudness war"Led ZeppelinAndoasis,Metallica,Red Hot Chili Peppers,Arctic MonkeysAlbums by prominent artists such as are called "Victims of the Loudness War."
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The Loudness Wars: Why Music Sounds Worse: NPR
Loudness refers to "the intensity of sound perceived by hearing"Sensory quantityOne of. Since human hearing sensitivity differs depending on the frequency and the hearing itself differs depending on the person, the actual volume of the sound "air vibration strength"correctionThe quantified value is defined as loudness. Loudness is a term used in the music industry to refer to "loudness." The music industry has been engaged in numerous attempts and controversies over such loudness.
Popular around 1940jukeboxDoes not have a function of "adjusting the volume", and all it can do is "sound the loudness set on the record itself." Records with a high loudness set out loud and more prominent than other records, creating the trend of “loudness is better”.
cassette tapeIn the age of, there was a physical limitation on the loudness, as the vinyl of the cassette tape was damaged enough to make it impossible to play the song if the loudness of the song was extremely high. But,compact disc(CD)With the advent of digital media such as these, physical restrictions were lifted, and the Loudness War intensified.
In the 1990s, when CDs spread to ordinary households, the music industry, which began to optimize music for CDs, became more and more "loud". A work that can be said to be the representative of the trend is Oasis' second album “Morning Glory". The sound recorded on this album had loudness raised to the limit of the format.
In the 2000s, called the peak of the Loudness War,clippingA number of CDs with loudness have been raised to the point where "sound distortion" is called. MetallicaDeath MagneticIs considered the greatest,Rolling stonemagazine,Wall Street Journal,GuardianI received a barrage from such. Regarding Death Magnetic, Rolling Stone magazine stated, "Guitar hero”Sounds better,” and The Wall Street Journal says, “Even heavy metal fans who would like loud sounds will complain if the sound is too loud.”
ABBA's “Super TrouperSound waveform. The first released LP record of 1980 shows the following waveform …
The upper and lower width of the waveform is larger in the 2001 remastered CD.
The best version of 2005 has a thicker upper and lower width of the waveform so that it can be said that it is different from the time of release. This change indicates that music publishers have increased their loudness as they re-released their songs.
It was around the end of the 2000s that the fashion that could be said to be "high loudness supreme" was stopped. Later won 10 GrammysMastering engineerofBob LudwickMr,Guns N 'Rosesof"Chinese Democracy, We created three versions with different loudness. After comparing the three versions, Ludwick chose the one with the lowest loudness, saying "high loudness versions are so bad that they are sorry." We raised questions for the music industry.
2010 says "loudness doesn't matter to sales."(PDF file)the studyIn addition to the announcement, a new music distribution format "StreamingAppeared. Streaming providers have chosen to "normalize their loudness" for songs delivered on the service to reduce variations in volume from song to song. Loudness has moved toward normalization throughout the music industry. 2013, a renowned mastering engineerBob KatzHe declared the end of the Loudness War on his website.
Around 2006, the peak of high loudness, later in 2016 he won the Nobel Prize for Literature for the first time as a singerBob DylanHe said, "In modern music, the sound is all over the surface. There is no distinction between" no sound part, "" vocal part, "and" song part. "Was complaining.
Loudness war page on WikipediaContains the Arctic MonkeysWhatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not”,“ Red Hot Chili Peppers ”Californication"Taylor Swiftof"1989And others are listed as "Victims of the Loudness War" which means albums with too high a loudness.